激活SAP S/4HANA中的用户默认值

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作者 Jocelyn Dart 2017-09-14    772

 

           与SAP S/4HANA中的所有SAP Fiori应用程序一样,在用户开始使用默认值插件之前,需要激活默认值插件。通常这是由您的用户体验主管或基础专家完成的。本博客解释了如何完成这些一次性活动。       

  

    

 

  与大多数SAP Fiori应用程序一样,激活默认值也很简单。但作为用户体验主管或基础专家,您可能想了解更多关于幕后发生的事情。在这个博客中你会学到:  

 

  •         如何激活默认值插件       

  •         如何将默认值对话框分配给业务用户       

  •         访问"默认值"对话框需要哪些授权       

  •         如何将默认值对话框中显示的默认值参数列表分配给用户       

 

      小费:      如果你想看看用户如何输入默认值,你会发现       为SAP S/4HANA设置默认值      。如果你想看看如何将默认值应用到应用参数,你会发现   在SAP S/4HANA中应用用户默认值   。  

 

  让我们开始吧!  

 

      激活默认值插件   

  

  业务用户设置默认值的默认值对话框是Fiori Launchpad Shell的插件。该插件在SAP Fiori应用程序参考库中列为       FIN用户默认参数          插入      。  

 

           小费:        不要被FIN的提及所误导,即金融。由于SAP S/4HANA历史上始于财务应用程序的发布,因此这是首次创建的默认值。现在SAP S/4HANA中的所有默认值都使用相同的插件。     

 

  您以与任何其他SAP Fiori应用程序相同的方式激活此插件。也就是说,通过激活:  

 

  1.    作为SAP Fiori应用程序入口点的默认值的ICF节点是:    

    •             ICF节点FIN_ACC_USERPAR           

  2.    提供作用于数据实体的底层数据实体和函数的OData服务,默认值为:    

    •             OData服务FIN_USER_DEFAULTPARAMETER_SRV           

  3.       激活ICF节点    

  4.   与其他SAP Fiori应用类似,您可以使用以下任一方式激活ICF节点:  

    •    该    Fiori应用程序激活应用程序    , 要么   

    •    通过SAP登录,使用任务管理器事务         STC01        与工作列表         SAP_BASIS_ACTIVATE_ICF_NODES        正如解释的那样    适用于Fiori应用程序部署的SAP Best Practices指南    , 要么   

    •    通过SAP登录,使用事务         SICF       

  5.       激活OData服务    

  6.   与其他SAP Fiori应用类似,您可以使用以下方式激活OData服务:  

    •    该    Fiori应用程序激活应用程序    , 要么   

    •    通过SAP登录,使用任务管理器事务         STC01        与工作列表         SAP_GATEWAY_ACTIVATE_ODATA_SERV        正如解释的那样    适用于Fiori应用程序部署的SAP Best Practices指南    , 要么   

    •    通过SAP登录,使用事务         / IWFND/MAINT_SERVICE       

  7.            小费        :您可以在中找到更多的个性化选项    SAP Fiori Launchpad用户指南     

  8.       为商业用户分配默认值    

  9.   您需要了解用户如何分配到应用程序的基本知识。它是这样工作的:  

  10.   应用程序通过目标映射分配给瓷砖目录。目标映射可以直接通过图块或通过另一个应用程序的导航部分调用   基于意图的导航   。这在进一步解释   启动板驱动的授权 - 第1部分 - 配置启动板角色   。  

  11.   瓦片目录(包括业务目录和技术目录)分配给业务角色,这些业务角色在技术上由安全角色表示,如   启动板驱动的授权 - 第2部分 - 配置授权   。在SAP S/4HANA中,作为管理员,您可以在SAPGUI事务PFCG中维护这些安全角色,并且您可以在此查找分步指南   如何为SAP Fiori 2.0创建和生成后端安全授权   。  

  12.            小费:        从技术上讲,除了目的和命名约定之外,商业目录和技术目录之间没有区别。当作为示例业务角色的一部分交付时,SAP将瓷砖目录称为业务目录。其他未专门分配给任何业务角色但可以选择分配给用户的应用程序将在技术目录中提供。     

  13.   分配给业务角色的用户,其技术上由一个或多个安全角色表示。在SAP S/4HANA中,作为管理员,您可以在SAPGUI事务中维护用户对安全角色的分配       PFCG      或者在诸如SAPGUI事务的用户主事务中       SU01      。  

  14.   将用户分配给分配给用户业务角色的所有分配给所有瓦片目录的应用程序。  

  15.       分配默认值对话框    

  16.   出现在"我的区域"的"设置"选项卡中的"默认值"对话框通过在分配给其业务角色的任何瓦片目录中包含壳牌插件目标映射来分配给用户。例如,您可以通过分配业务目录来完成此操作       SAP_SFIN_BC_USER_PARAM      到用户的安全角色。  

  17.     

  18.   一旦激活了默认值并且您的用户已被分配到授权中,则默认值对话框将出现在您用户的Fiori Launchpad的Me区域的设置选项卡中。  

  19.       分配默认值参数    

  20.   出现在"默认值"对话框中的"默认值"参数列表取决于哪些瓷砖目录已通过其业务角色分配给用户。  

  21.   平铺目录可能包含将参数分配给默认值的目标映射。以下是使用Post Incoming Payments应用程序的某些默认值进行目标映射的示例。你可以在目标映射中找到更多关于如何使用默认值的信息        在SAP S/4HANA中应用用户默认值       。    

  22.     

  23.  

  24.   只要目标映射使用默认值,匹配的默认值参数就会添加到默认值参数列表中,以供用户在其默认值对话框中更改。  

  25.   换句话说,基于与用户相关的应用,默认值参数列表被自动分配给用户。  

  26.       成为SAP S/4HANA专家的SAP Fiori    

  27.   你会发现我们更多   SAP Fiori for SAP S/4HANA维客  

  28.            由SAP S/4HANA RIG带给你   


    英文原文


          

      Like all SAP Fiori apps in SAP S/4HANA, the Default Values plugin needs to be activated before users can start to use it.  Typically this is done by your User Experience Lead or basis expert. This blog explains how to complete these once-off activities.    

    Like most SAP Fiori apps, activating Default Values is straightforward. However as a User Experience Lead or Basis Expert you may want to understand a little more about what is happening behind the scenes. In this blog you will learn:

    • How to activate the Default Values plug-in  

    • How to assign the Default Values dialog to Business Users  

    • What authorizations are needed to access the Default Values dialog  

    • How the list of Default Values parameters shown in the Default Values dialog are assigned to the user  

      TIP:    If you want to see how a user can enter default values you will find that in     Setting Default Values for SAP S/4HANA    .  If you want to see how default values are applied to app parameters you will find that in  Applying User Defaults in SAP S/4HANA  .

    Let’s get to it!

      Activating the Default Values Plug-in  

    The Default Values dialog where business users set their default values is a plug-in to the Fiori Launchpad Shell.  This plug-in is listed in the SAP Fiori apps reference library as     FIN User Default Parameter       Plugin    .

      TIP:     Don’t be misled by the mention of FIN, i.e. Finance.  Since SAP S/4HANA historically started with the release of Finance apps, these were the first Default Values created.  Now all default values in SAP S/4HANA use this same plug-in.  

    You activate this plug-in in much the same way as any other SAP Fiori app. That is, by activating:

    1. The ICF node that is the entry point to the SAP Fiori app, for Default Values this is:

      •  ICF node FIN_ACC_USERPAR    

    2. The OData Service that provides the underlying data entities and functions that act on the data entities, for Default Values this is:

      •  OData Service FIN_USER_DEFAULTPARAMETER_SRV    

      Activating the ICF Node  

    Similar to other SAP Fiori apps you can activate the ICF node using either:

    • The   Fiori App Activation App   , or

    • Via SAP Logon, using the Task Manager transaction   STC01     with worklist   SAP_BASIS_ACTIVATE_ICF_NODES     as explained in the   SAP Best Practices guide for Fiori Apps Deployment   , or

    • Via SAP Logon, using Transaction   SICF  

      Activating the OData Service  

    Similar to other SAP Fiori apps you can activate the OData Services using:

    • The   Fiori App Activation App   , or

    • Via SAP Logon, using the Task Manager transaction   STC01     with worklist   SAP_GATEWAY_ACTIVATE_ODATA_SERV     as explained in the   SAP Best Practices guide for Fiori Apps Deployment   , or

    • Via SAP Logon, using Transaction   /IWFND/MAINT_SERVICE  

      TIP     : You can find more personalization options in the   SAP Fiori Launchpad User Guide  

      Assigning Default Values to Business Users  

    You will need to understand the basics of how users are assigned to apps.  It works like this:

    Apps are assigned to tile catalogs via target mappings.  Target mappings can be called directly via a tile or as part of navigation from another app via  intent-based navigation  .  This is explained further in  Launchpad-driven Authorizations – Part 1 – Configuring the Launchpad Role  .

    The tile catalogs – both business catalogs and technical catalogs – are assigned to business roles, which are technically represented by security roles, as explained in  Launchpad-driven Authorizations – Part 2 – Configuring the Authorizations  .  In SAP S/4HANA as an administrator you maintain these security roles in SAPGUI transaction PFCG and you’ll find a step-by-step guide for this in  How to Create and Generate Backend Security Authorizations for SAP Fiori 2.0  .

      TIP:     Technically there’s no difference between business catalogs and technical catalogs apart from purpose and naming conventions.  SAP refers to a tile catalog as a business catalog when it’s delivered as part of a sample business role.  Other apps that aren’t specifically assigned to any business role, but may optionally be assigned to users, are delivered in technical catalogs.  

    The user assigned to a business role, which is technically represented by one or more security roles. In SAP S/4HANA as an administrator, you can maintain the assignment of users to security roles in SAPGUI transaction     PFCG    or in a user master transaction such as SAPGUI transaction     SU01    .

    A user is assigned to all of the apps, that are assigned to all of the tile catalogs, that are assigned to the user’s business roles.

      Assigning the Default Values Dialog  

    The Default Values dialog that appears in the Settings tab in the Me Area is assigned to users by including the Shell plugin target mapping in any of the tile catalogs assigned to their business role. For example, you can do this by assigning the business catalog     SAP_SFIN_BC_USER_PARAM    to the users’ security role.

    Once Default Values has been activated and your user has been assigned to the authorizations the Default Values dialog will appear in the Settings tab of the Me Area of your user’s Fiori Launchpad.

      Assigning Default Values Parameters  

    The list of Default Values parameters which appear in the Default Values dialog depends on which tile catalogs have been assigned to the user via their business role(s).

    Tile catalogs may contain target mappings that assigns parameters to default values.  Below is an example of a target mapping using some default values for the Post Incoming Payments app.  You can find more information on how default values are used in target mappings in      Applying User Defaults in SAP S/4HANA     .  


    Whenever a target mapping uses a default value, the matching default value parameter is added to the list of default value parameters available for the user to change in their Default Values dialog.

    In other words, the list of default value parameters is assigned automatically to the user based on the apps relevant to the user.

      Becoming a SAP Fiori for SAP S/4HANA guru  

    You’ll find much more on our  SAP Fiori for SAP S/4HANA wiki

      Brought to you by the SAP S/4HANA RIG    

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