Maximizing SAP ERP Financials Accounts Payable

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作者 Martin Ullmann 2008年出版 分类:sap 1568

Maximizing SAP ERP Financials Accounts Payable 英文原版,官方出品!

Contents

Acknowledgements ..................................................................................... 21

1 Vendor Master Data .................................................................. 23

1.1 Organization of Vendor Master Data ............................................ 23

1.1.1 Vendor Master Data and Organization Structure ................ 23

1.1.2 Vendor Master Account Groups ......................................... 25

1.2 General Data View ....................................................................... 27

1.2.1 Address ............................................................................ 27

1.2.2 Control Screen .................................................................. 30

1.2.3 Payment Transactions ........................................................ 35

1.2.4 Contact Persons ................................................................ 38

1.3 Company Code Data View ........................................................... 38

1.3.1 Accounting Information ..................................................... 39

1.3.2 Payment Transaction ......................................................... 42

1.3.3 Correspondence ............................................................... 47

1.3.4 Withholding Tax ............................................................... 48

1.4 Purchasing Data View .................................................................. 48

1.4.1 Purchasing Data ................................................................ 48

1.4.2 Partner Functions .............................................................. 53

1.5 Vendor Master Configuration Steps .............................................. 55

1.5.1 Define Account Groups with Screen Layouts ...................... 56

1.5.2 Define Account Layout per Company Code ....................... 59

1.5.3 Define Screen Layout per Activity ...................................... 59

1.5.4 Define Message Control for Vendor Master Data ............... 60

1.5.5 Create Number Ranges for Vendor Accounts ..................... 60

1.5.6 Assign Number Ranges to Vendor Account Groups ............ 61

1.5.7 Define Text IDs for Central Text (Vendors) ......................... 61

1.5.8 Define Text IDs for Accounting Text (Vendors) ................... 62

1.5.9 Define Text IDs for Purchasing Organization Texts ............. 62

1.6 Vendor Master Data Transactions ................................................. 63

1.6.1 Creating, Changing, and Displaying Vendor Master Data ... 63

1.6.2 Display Vendor Account Changes .................................... 64

1.6.3 Vendor Block/Unblock ...................................................... 65

1.6.4 Confirmation of Changes ................................................. 66

1.6.5 Transfer Vendor Master Data ......................................... 66

1.6.6 Change Vendor Account Group ......................................... 67

1.7 Vendor Master Data Enhancements ............................................. 67

1.7.1 Vendor Master Data Validation .......................................... 68

1.7.2 Vendor Master Data — Authorization Check Using

BTE 00001460 .................................................................. 70

1.7.3 Vendor Master Data — User Defined Screen ..................... 71

1.7.4 Vendor Master Substitution Using

BAdI VENDOR_ADD_DATA ............................................. 78

1.7.5 Personnel Number Validation Using User-Exit HRPBAS01 . 79

1.7.6 Other Enhancements ........................................................ 79

1.8 Vendor Master Data Search Helps ................................................ 80

1.9 Vendor Master Data Table Structure ............................................ 80

1.10 Deleting Vendor Master Data ...................................................... 81

1.11 Vendor Master Data Reporting .................................................... 81

1.12 Summary ..................................................................................... 82

2 Accounting Document Principles .............................................. 83

2.1 Document Header ...................................................................... 83

2.1.1 Document Type ................................................................. 84

2.1.2 Document Number ........................................................... 87

2.1.3 Posting Date ...................................................................... 88

2.1.4 Document Date (Invoice Date) .......................................... 89

2.1.5 Invoice Receipt Date ......................................................... 89

2.1.6 Reference .......................................................................... 89

2.2 Document Line Item ................................................................... 89

2.2.1 Posting Key ....................................................................... 89

2.3 Summary ..................................................................................... 92

3 Business Transactions in Accounts Payable .............................. 93

3.1 Invoice/Credit Memo Processing .................................................. 93

3.2 Invoice/Credit Memo – Enjoy Transaction .................................... 94

3.2.1 Templates .......................................................................... 95

3.2.2 Header and Vendor Data ................................................... 97

3.2.3 Information Area ............................................................... 101

3.2.4 GL Accounts Item Area ...................................................... 101

3.2.5 Invoice Simulation ........................................................... 102

3.2.6 Simulate General Ledger ................................................. 103

3.2.7 Invoice Posting ................................................................ 103

3.3 Invoice/Credit Memo – General .................................................. 104

3.3.1 Vendor Invoice: Header Data .......................................... 105

3.3.2 Vendor Invoice: Vendor Item .......................................... 106

3.3.3 Vendor Invoice: Correct GL Account Item ....................... 106

3.3.4 Enjoy Transaction/General Transaction Comparison ........ 108

3.4 Invoice/Credit Memo – Fast Entry ............................................... 109

3.4.1 Fast Entry: Header Data ................................................... 109

3.4.2 Fast Entry: Enter Items .................................................... 110

3.5 Invoice Entry Configuration Steps ............................................... 111

3.5.1 Define Default Values for Enjoy Transactions .................. 111

3.5.2 Define Default Values for General Transactions ............... 112

3.5.3 Define Default Values for Fast Entry Transaction ............. 113

3.6 Document Parking ....................................................................... 113

3.7 Discount Methods ...................................................................... 114

3.7.1 Gross Discount Method .................................................. 114

3.7.2 Net Discount Method ..................................................... 115

3.7.3 Discount Method Differences .......................................... 117

3.8 Alternative Payees ....................................................................... 117

3.8.1 Alternative Payee ............................................................ 117

3.8.2 Alternative Payee in Document ....................................... 118

3.8.3 Permitted Payee .............................................................. 121

3.8.4 Recommendation ............................................................ 123

3.9 Recurring Entries ......................................................................... 123

3.9.1 Recurring Entry Creation ................................................. 124

3.9.2 Recurring Entry Execution ............................................... 127

3.9.3 Additional Recurring Transactions ................................... 128

3.10 Account Assignment Models ....................................................... 128

3.10.1 Account Assignment Models Maintenance ..................... 129

3.10.2 Account Assignment Models with Amounts .................... 130

3.10.3 Account Assignment Models with Equivalence Numbers . 130

3.11 One-time Vendor Invoices ........................................................... 132

3.12 New GL and Document Splitting .................................................. 133

3.12.1 The New GL .................................................................... 133

3.12.2 Document Splitting ......................................................... 133

3.13 Enhancements ............................................................................. 135

3.13.1 One-Time Vendor Address Validation Using User-Exit

SAPLFCPD ....................................................................... 135

3.13.2 Duplicate Invoice Check via Process BTE 00001110 ........ 136

3.13.3 Exclude OK-codes in Enjoy Transactions via Public &

Subscribe BTE 00001140 ................................................ 137

3.14 FI Substitutions and Validations ................................................... 137

3.14.1 Document Header Validation – Call-Up Point 1 ............... 138

3.14.2 Document Line Item Validation – Call-Up Point 2 ........... 138

3.14.3 Document Line Item Validation with User-Exit– Call-Up

Point 2 ............................................................................ 139

3.14.4 Complete Document Validation – Call-Up Point 3 ........... 140

3.14.5 Substitutions ................................................................... 141

3.15 Summary ..................................................................................... 144

4 Logistic Invoice Verification ...................................................... 145

4.1 Three-Way Match Invoice Verification ......................................... 145

4.1.1 Accounting Entries During Three-Way Match .................. 147

4.1.2 Price Differences (Goods Receipt Document

Posted First) .................................................................... 148

4.1.3 Price Differences (Invoice Document Posted First) ........... 149

4.2 Two-Way Match Invoice Verification ............................................ 150

4.2.1 Blanket Purchase Orders ................................................. 151

4.3 Non-Valuated Goods Receipt ...................................................... 151

4.4 GR-Based Invoice Verification ...................................................... 152

4.4.1 Invoice Verification Examples .......................................... 153

4.4.2 GR-Based Invoice Verification Flag Set On ....................... 155

4.4.3 GR-Based Invoice Verification Flag Set Off ....................... 155

4.4.4 GR-Based Invoice Verification Conclusion ........................ 156

4.5 Invoice Entry Process with Transaction MIRO ............................... 156

4.5.1 Worklist/PO Structure ..................................................... 157

4.5.2 Header and Vendor Data ................................................. 158

4.5.3 Information Area ............................................................. 159

4.5.4 Purchase Order Items Area .............................................. 159

4.5.5 Invoice Posting ................................................................ 160

4.6 Invoice Parking ............................................................................ 160

4.7 Incoming Invoice Configuration ................................................... 161

4.7.1 Define Attributes of System Messages ............................. 161

4.7.2 Define Tax Jurisdiction .................................................... 162

4.7.3 Automatic Account Assignment ...................................... 162

4.7.4 Number Assignment ........................................................ 167

4.7.5 Tax Treatment in Invoice Reduction ................................ 171

4.7.6 Maintain Default Values for Tax Code ............................. 171

4.7.7 Configure the Treatment of Exchange-Rate Differences ...... 172

4.7.8 Determine Mail to Purchasing When Price Difference

Occur .............................................................................. 172

4.7.9 Define Vendor-Specific Tolerances ................................... 172

4.7.10 Maintain Bar Code Entry ................................................. 174

4.7.11 Activate Direct Entry to GL Accounts and Material

Accounts ......................................................................... 174

4.7.12 Maintain List Variants ...................................................... 174

4.7.13 Aggregation .................................................................... 175

4.7.14 Define Start Logo ............................................................ 175

4.7.15 Set Check for Duplicate Invoices ..................................... 175

4.8 Special Functions During Invoice Entry ....................................... 176

4.8.1 Subsequent Debit/Credit ................................................ 176

4.8.2 Purchase Order Text ....................................................... 178

4.8.3 Invoice Reduction .......................................................... 178

4.8.4 Prepayment ..................................................................... 180

4.8.5 PO History Categories ..................................................... 182

4.8.6 Variance Types ................................................................ 183

4.9 Delivery Costs .............................................................................. 183

4.9.1 Unplanned Delivery Costs ............................................... 183

4.9.2 Planned Delivery Costs ................................................... 185

4.10 Stochastically Block ...................................................................... 186

4.11 Tolerances .................................................................................... 188

4.11.1 Tolerance Keys ................................................................ 188

4.11.2 Invoice Block Configuration ............................................ 191

4.11.3 Activate Workflow Template ........................................... 192

4.11.4 Item Amount Check ........................................................ 192

4.12 Release Blocked Invoices (MRBR) ................................................ 193

4.13 Enhancements During Invoice Entry ............................................. 195

4.13.1 Default Transaction Values with BAdI

MRM_TRANSACT_DEFAULT ........................................... 195

4.13.2 Default Header Fields: MRM_HEADER_DEFAULT ........... 196

4.13.3 Default Payment Terms: MRM_PAYMENT_TERMS ......... 197

4.13.4 Validate Document Header: MRM_HEADER_CHECK ....... 197

4.13.5 Complete Document Validation: INVOICE_UPDATE ........ 197

4.13.6 Additional BAdIs During Invoice Verification ................... 198

4.14 Evaluated Goods Receipt Settlement (ERS) .................................. 199

4.14.1 How to Avoid Pitfalls ...................................................... 199

4.14.2 Configuration Steps ......................................................... 200

4.14.3 Master Data Settings ....................................................... 200

4.14.4 ERS Execution ................................................................. 202

4.14.5 Planned Delivery Cost Settlement ................................... 204

4.14.6 ERS Enhancements .......................................................... 204

4.15 Invoicing Plans ............................................................................. 206

4.15.1 Configuration Steps ......................................................... 206

4.15.2 Master Data Settings ....................................................... 207

4.15.3 Invoicing Plan Settlement Execution ................................ 209

4.15.4 Invoicing Plan Enhancements .......................................... 210

4.16 Consignment/Pipeline Stock Settlement ....................................... 211

4.16.1 Consignment Stock ......................................................... 211

4.16.2 Pipeline Stock ................................................................. 212

4.16.3 Enhancements for Consignment and Pipeline Settlement . 212

4.17 Invoicing Verification in the Background ...................................... 212

4.18 GR/IR Account Maintenance ....................................................... 213

4.18.1 GR/IR Clearing Configuration Steps ................................. 215

4.18.2 Execution of Transaction MR11 ....................................... 216

4.18.3 Transaction MR11SHOW ................................................. 219

4.19 Invoice Overview ......................................................................... 219

4.20 Invoice Display ........................................................................... 220

4.21 Summary ..................................................................................... 220

5 Outgoing Payment Processing ................................................. 221

5.1 Payment Method ......................................................................... 221

5.1.1 Country-Specific Definitions for the Payment Method .... 222

5.1.2 Company Code Specific Definitions for the Payment

Method .......................................................................... 227

5.2 Payment Method Supplements .................................................... 234

5.3 Payment Terms ............................................................................ 235

5.3.1 Baseline Date and Net Due Date .................................. 236

5.3.2 Defaulting of Payment Term Values ............................... 236

5.3.3 Payment Term Configuration ............................................ 237

5.4 Payment Grouping ...................................................................... 239

5.5 Payment Block Reasons ................................................................ 240

5.6 Summary ..................................................................................... 242

6 Manual Payment Processing .................................................... 243

6.1 Post Outgoing Payments .............................................................. 243

6.1.1 Header Data ..................................................................... 244

6.1.2 Select Open Items ........................................................... 248

6.2 Post Outgoing Payments + Print forms ......................................... 250

6.2.1 Header Data ..................................................................... 251

6.2.2 Header Document Data .................................................... 253

6.3 Post Incoming Payments .............................................................. 254

6.4 Configuration Steps ..................................................................... 254

6.4.1 Define Default Document Type ........................................ 254

6.5 Summary ..................................................................................... 255

7 Automatic Payment Processing ................................................ 257

7.1 Payment Program Process Flow .................................................... 258

7.2 Executing the Payment Program (F110) ........................................ 259

7.2.1 Creation of a Payment Run ............................................... 260

7.2.2 Planning and Parameter Specifications ............................... 262

7.2.3 Payment Proposal Run ...................................................... 267

7.3 Executing the Payment Program Periodically (F110S) ................... 275

7.4 Payment Program Configuration ................................................... 275

7.4.1 Set Up All Company Codes for Payment Transactions ......... 276

7.4.2 Set Up Paying Company Codes for Payment Transactions ... 278

7.4.3 Set Up Payment Methods per Country for Payment

Transactions ..................................................................... 281

7.4.4 Set Up Payment Methods per Company Code for

Payment Transactions ....................................................... 281

7.5 Set Up Bank Determination for Payment Transactions ................. 281

7.5.1 House Banks ..................................................................... 282

7.5.2 Bank Accounts .................................................................. 284

7.5.3 Bank Account Selection Logic ............................................ 285

7.5.4 Configuration Steps for Bank Determination for

Payment Transactions ........................................................ 286

7.6 Enhancements ............................................................................ 290

7.6.1 Payment Program: Item Selection with Process BTE

00001820 ........................................................................ 290

7.6.2 Payment Program: Individual Bank Determination with

Process BTE 00001810 ..................................................... 292

7.6.3 Payment Program: Edit Groups with Process BTE

00001830 ........................................................................ 293

7.6.4 Payment Proposal: Maintenance Authorization Check with

Process BTE 00001860 ..................................................... 294

7.7 Summary ..................................................................................... 294

8 Check Processing ...................................................................... 295

8.1 Check Management Configuration ............................................... 296

8.1.1 Check Lot .......................................................................... 296

8.1.2 Void Reasons ..................................................................... 298

8.2 Check Printing Program ............................................................... 300

8.2.1 RFFOUS_C Print Program Sections ..................................... 300

8.2.2 Variants ............................................................................. 306

8.2.3 MICR Printer ..................................................................... 306

8.3 Check Form ................................................................................. 307

8.3.1 Check Layout ..................................................................... 307

8.3.2 Check Form Enhancements ................................................ 308

8.4 Check Management Transactions ................................................. 310

8.5 Display Check Information ........................................................... 311

8.5.1 Display Checks .................................................................. 311

8.5.2 Check Register ................................................................... 312

8.6 Change Check Information ........................................................... 312

8.6.1 Reprint Checks .................................................................. 312

8.6.2 Change Additional Information/Check Encashment ........... 313

8.6.3 Online Cashed Checks ....................................................... 313

8.7 Manual Checks ............................................................................ 314

8.8 Void Checks ................................................................................. 314

8.8.1 Void Issued Checks .......................................................... 314

8.8.2 Cancel Payments ............................................................. 315

8.9 Reset Check Data ....................................................................... 315

8.10 External Data Transfer/Positive Pay ............................................... 315

8.11 Create Reference for Check .......................................................... 317

8.12 Summary ..................................................................................... 318

9 Bank Transfer ............................................................................ 319

9.1 ACH Payments ............................................................................. 320

9.1.1 ACH Payment Types .......................................................... 320

9.2 Bank Transfer Using the Classic Payment Medium Program .......... 321

9.2.1 RFFOUS_T Program Sections ............................................. 321

9.2.2 Variants ............................................................................. 327

9.2.3 Configuration Steps ........................................................... 327

9.2.4 Enhancements ................................................................... 329

9.3 Payment Medium Workbench (PMW) ......................................... 330

9.3.1 Create Payment Medium Format ....................................... 330

9.3.2 Create/Assign Payment Selection Variants .......................... 333

9.3.3 Adjust Note to Payee ......................................................... 336

9.3.4 Assign Payment Medium Format ....................................... 337

9.3.5 Enhancements ................................................................... 338

9.4 Execution of the Payment Program for Payment Medium

Formats ....................................................................................... 341

9.4.1 Payment Advice ................................................................. 341

9.4.2 Schedule Payment Run ..................................................... 341

9.4.3 Data Medium Exchange Administration ............................. 342

9.5 Prenotifications ............................................................................ 342

9.5.1 Select Bank Details ............................................................ 343

9.5.2 Create Prenotification File ................................................. 343

9.5.3 Import Feedback ............................................................... 344

9.5.4 Display File ........................................................................ 344

9.5.5 Change Memo Records ...................................................... 344

9.6 Summary ..................................................................................... 345

10 Withholding Tax Reporting ...................................................... 347

10.1 Classic Withholding Versus Extended Withholding Tax

Reporting .................................................................................... 348

10.2 Migrating to Extended Withholding Tax Reporting ....................... 349

10.2.1 Migration Steps ............................................................... 350

10.3 1099-MISC Configuration Using Classic Withholding Tax ............. 352

10.3.1 Maintain Tax Codes ......................................................... 352

10.3.2 Maintain Document Change Rules .................................. 354

10.4 1099-MISC Configuration Using Extended Withholding Tax ......... 355

10.4.1 Define the Withholding Tax Type for Payment Posting ..... 355

10.4.2 Define Withholding Tax Codes ........................................ 356

10.4.3 Assign Withholding Tax Types to the Company Code ....... 357

10.4.4 Assign Accounts for Withholding Tax to Be Paid Over ..... 358

10.4.5 Document Change Rules ................................................. 358

10.5 1099 Interest Configuration ......................................................... 359

10.6 1099-G Configuration .................................................................. 359

10.7 1042-S Configuration ................................................................... 360

10.8 Vendor Master Data ................................................................... 361

10.8.1 Vendor Master Data for Classic Withholding Tax

Reporting ........................................................................ 361

10.8.2 Vendor Master Data for Extended Withholding Tax

Reporting ........................................................................ 362

10.9 Correction Programs .................................................................... 363

10.9.1 RFWT0010: Adjustment of Withholding Tax Code for

Open Items ..................................................................... 363

10.9.2 RFWT0020: Adjust Withholding Tax Information in

Cleared Documents ........................................................ 365

10.10 Generic Withholding Tax Reporting Tool ..................................... 366

10.11 Summary ..................................................................................... 369

11 Use Taxes and VAT Taxes .......................................................... 371

11.1 Use Tax within the United States .................................................. 371

11.1.1 Tax Procedures ................................................................ 372

11.1.2 Use Tax Configuration ..................................................... 373

11.1.3 Jurisdiction Code Maintenance in Master Data ................ 376

11.1.4 Tax Code Maintenance in Master Data ............................ 377

11.1.5 Tax Reporting for Use and Sales Tax ................................. 377

11.2 VAT Taxes in Europe .................................................................... 377

11.2.1 Tax Procedures ................................................................ 378

11.2.2 VAT Configuration ........................................................... 378

11.2.3 Tax Code Maintenance in Master Data ............................ 380

11.3 Summary ..................................................................................... 380

12 Special GL Transactions in Accounts Payable ........................... 381

12.1 Down Payments .......................................................................... 381

12.1.1 Entering a Down Payment Request ................................ 382

12.1.2 Paying a Down Payment Request ................................... 384

12.1.3 Invoice Entry ................................................................... 385

12.1.4 Down Payment Clearing .................................................. 386

12.2 Down Payment Configuration Steps ............................................ 386

12.2.1 Define the Alternative Reconciliation Account for Down

Payment .......................................................................... 386

12.2.2 Allow Automatic Payments for Special GL Indicators ....... 389

12.3 Other Special GL Transactions ...................................................... 389

12.3.1 Entering Special GL Transactions ..................................... 389

12.3.2 Entering Noted Items ...................................................... 390

12.4 Summary .................................................................................... 391

13 Document Reversals .................................................................. 393

13.1 Negative Postings ........................................................................ 393

13.1.1 Configuration Steps for Negative Postings ....................... 395

13.2 Reversal Reasons ........................................................................ 396

13.2.1 Best Practice Reversal Reasons ........................................ 397

13.3 FB08: Individual Document Reversal ............................................ 398

13.4 F.80: Mass Document Reversal .................................................... 399

13.5 FBRA: Reset Cleared Items ........................................................... 400

13.6 MR8M: Cancel Invoice Document in LIV ..................................... 402

13.7 Summary ..................................................................................... 403

14 Open Item Management ........................................................... 405

14.1 Manual Vendor Clearing .............................................................. 406

14.1.1 Manual Clearing Transition F-44 ..................................... 406

14.1.2 Select Open Items .......................................................... 408

14.1.3 Clearing Line Layout Configuration ................................. 410

14.1.4 Editing Options .............................................................. 410

14.2 Transfer with Clearing .................................................................. 411

14.2.1 Post with Clearing Transaction F-51 ................................ 411

14.2.2 Post with Clearing: Vendor Item ...................................... 413

14.2.3 Post with Clearing: Select Open Items ............................. 414

14.2.4 Post with Clearing: Process Open Items ........................... 416

14.3 Automatic Clearing ..................................................................... 416

14.3.1 LIV Document Clearing with Reversal Documents ........... 417

14.3.2 GR/IR Account Clearing .................................................. 418

14.3.3 Automatic Account Clearing Execution ............................ 419

14.4 Summary ..................................................................................... 422

15 Periodic Processing .................................................................... 423

15.1 Interest Calculation ...................................................................... 423

15.1.1 Calculation of Interest on Arrears ................................... 424

15.1.2 Interest Calculation Process ............................................ 424

15.1.3 Interest Calculation Configuration .................................. 425

15.1.4 Vendor Master Data Fields for Interest Calculation ......... 426

15.1.5 Exclude Line Items from the Interest Calculation ............. 427

15.2 Foreign Currency Revaluation ...................................................... 428

15.2.1 Configuration steps from the Classic GL .......................... 429

15.2.2 Configuration Steps from the New GL ............................ 431

15.3 Balance Carry Forward ................................................................. 431

15.4 Summary ..................................................................................... 432

16 Authorization Concept .............................................................. 433

16.1 SAP Authorization Concept ......................................................... 433

16.1.1 User Roles ....................................................................... 434

16.1.2 Authorization Objects ..................................................... 435

16.2 SAP Predefined User Roles ........................................................... 436

16.3 Authorization Objects in Accounts Payable .................................. 438

16.3.1 Vendor Master Maintenance ........................................... 438

16.3.2 Accounting Documents ................................................... 440

16.3.3 Logistic Invoice Verification ............................................. 441

16.3.4 Payments ........................................................................ 441

16.3.5 Check Management ........................................................ 442

16.4 Line Layout Protection ................................................................. 442

16.5 Summary ..................................................................................... 444

17 Accounts Payable Reporting ...................................................... 445

17.1 Information System ..................................................................... 445

17.2 Vendor Line Items (FBL1N) .......................................................... 446

17.2.1 Special Fields .................................................................. 448

17.2.2 User-Defined Fields via Process & Subscribe

BTE 00001650 ................................................................ 450

17.2.3 Line Item Subtotals/Sorting ............................................. 452

17.2.4 Vendor Line Item Layout Summary ................................. 453

17.3 Summary ..................................................................................... 453

18 Tables, Function Modules, and BAPIs ...................................... 455

18.1 Tables .......................................................................................... 455

18.1.1 Vendor Master Data Table Structure ................................ 455

18.1.2 Transactional Data Tables ................................................ 456

18.1.3 Logistic Invoice Verification Tables .................................. 456

18.2 Function Modules ........................................................................ 457

18.3 BAPIs ........................................................................................... 457

18.4 Summary ..................................................................................... 457

Appendices........................................................................................ 459

A Implementing a User-Exit ..................................................................... 461

B Implementing a BTE .............................................................................. 467

C Implementing a BAdI ............................................................................ 471

D Implementing a Validation/Substitution in the Financial Accounting

Component (FI) with User-Exits ............................................................. 475

E The Author ............................................................................................ 483

Index............................................................................................................ 485

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