Plant Maintance with SAP

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作者 Karl 2012年出版 分类:sap 1670

Plant Maintance with SAP 英文原版,官方出品!

Contents

Preface to the Third Edition .............................................................. 13

Preface to the First Edition ............................................................... 15

1 About This Book ........................................................... 17

1.1 Target Audience ............................................................. 19

1.2 What This Book Can and Cannot Do ............................... 20

1.3 Structure of This Book .................................................... 21

2 Plant Maintenance and SAP: A Contradiction? ........... 25

2.1 Plant Maintenance Today: New Ideas Need

New Space ..................................................................... 26

2.2 New Maintenance Terminology ...................................... 28

2.3 Maintenance Strategies over the Course of Time ............. 32

2.4 SAP Plant Maintenance over the Course of Time ............ 34

2.5 SAP ERP 6.0 ................................................................... 35

3 Organizational Structures ............................................ 41

3.1 SAP Organizational Units ................................................ 41

3.1.1 The Plant from a Maintenance Perspective ......... 41

3.1.2 Maintenance-Specific Organizational Units ........ 42

3.1.3 Other General Organizational Units ................... 44

3.1.4 Plant-Specific and Cross-Plant Maintenance ....... 45

3.2 Work Centers ................................................................. 47

4 Structuring of Technical Systems ................................. 55

4.1 Actions before Mapping Your Technical Systems in

the SAP System .............................................................. 56

4.2 SAP Elements for Structuring Technical Systems and

How to Use Them ........................................................... 71

4.2.1 Functional Locations and Reference Functional

Locations ........................................................... 71

4.2.2 Equipment and Serial Numbers .......................... 83

4.2.3 Links and Object Networks ................................ 93

4.2.4 Linear Asset Management .................................. 94

4.2.5 Material and PM Assemblies .............................. 103

4.2.6 BOMs ................................................................ 110

4.2.7 Classification ...................................................... 114

4.2.8 Product Structure Browser .................................. 120

4.2.9 Special Functions ............................................... 122

5 Business Processes ....................................................... 149

5.1 What You Should Do before You Map Your Business

Processes in the SAP System ........................................... 150

5.2 Planned Repairs Business Process .................................... 158

5.2.1 Notification ........................................................ 160

5.2.2 Planning ............................................................. 176

5.2.3 Controlling ......................................................... 207

5.2.4 Processing .......................................................... 221

5.2.5 Completion ........................................................ 223

5.3 Immediate Repairs Business Process ................................ 232

5.4 Shift Notes and Shift Reports .......................................... 238

5.5 External Processing ......................................................... 245

5.5.1 Basic Principles of External Processing

Assignment ........................................................ 245

5.5.2 External Services as an Individual Purchase

Order ................................................................. 248

5.5.3 External Services with External Work Centers ..... 253

5.5.4 External Services with Service Specifications ....... 257

5.6 Refurbishment Business Process ...................................... 262

5.7 Subcontracting Business Process ..................................... 273

5.8 Preventive Maintenance Business Process ....................... 280

5.8.1 Basic Principles of Preventive Maintenance ........ 281

5.8.2 Objects of Preventive Maintenance .................... 283

5.8.3 Maintenance Task Lists ....................................... 287

5.8.4 Preventive Maintenance, Time-Based ................. 296

5.8.5 Preventive Maintenance, Performance-Based ..... 316

5.8.6 Preventive Maintenance, Time-Based and

Performance-Based ............................................ 326

5.8.7 Inspection Rounds .............................................. 333

5.9 Condition-Based Maintenance Business Process .............. 341

5.10 Calibration of Test Equipment Business Process .............. 344

5.11 Pool Asset Management Business Process ....................... 356

5.12 Project-Based Maintenance Business Process .................. 363

5.12.1 SAP Project System ............................................ 364

5.12.2 Maintenance Event Builder ................................ 370

6 Integrating Applications from Other Departments ..... 375

6.1 How Other Departments Are Involved ............................ 375

6.2 Integration within SAP ERP ............................................ 376

6.2.1 Materials Management ...................................... 377

6.2.2 Production Planning and Control ....................... 386

6.2.3 Digression: In-house Production of Spare

Parts for Stock .................................................... 391

6.2.4 Quality Management ......................................... 396

6.2.5 Environment, Health, and Safety ........................ 397

6.2.6 Financial Accounting .......................................... 400

6.2.7 Asset Accounting ............................................... 402

6.2.8 Controlling ......................................................... 405

6.2.9 Real Estate Management .................................... 415

6.2.10 Human Capital Management .............................. 418

6.2.11 Service and Sales ................................................ 423

6.3 Integration with Other SAP Systems ............................... 426

6.3.1 Integration with SAP NetWeaver MDM ............. 426

6.3.2 Integration with SAP SRM .................................. 428

6.4 Integration with Non-SAP Systems ................................. 431

6.4.1 Operations Monitoring Systems ......................... 432

6.4.2 Operations Information Systems ........................ 435

6.4.3 Service Specifications and Entry of

Services Performed ............................................ 438

7 Plant Maintenance Controlling .................................... 441

7.1 What Plant Maintenance Controlling Involves ................ 441

7.2 SAP Tools for Obtaining Information and How to

Use Them ....................................................................... 446

7.2.1 SAP List Viewer .................................................. 446

7.2.2 SAP Quick Viewer .............................................. 454

7.2.3 SAP ERP Logistics Information System ................ 459

7.2.4 SAP NetWeaver BW ........................................... 469

7.2.5 Comparison of LIS and SAP NetWeaver BW ....... 479

7.3 SAP Tools for Budgeting and How to Use Them .............. 481

7.3.1 Order Budgeting ................................................ 481

7.3.2 Cost Center Budgeting ....................................... 483

7.3.3 Budgeting with IM Programs .............................. 485

7.3.4 Budgeting Using WBS Elements .......................... 488

7.3.5 Maintenance Cost Budgeting .............................. 492

8 New Information Technologies in Plant

Maintenance ................................................................ 501

8.1 SAP NetWeaver Portal .................................................... 502

8.1.1 Role Concept ..................................................... 503

8.1.2 Service Maps, Overviews, and Reports ............... 504

8.1.3 After-Event Recording ........................................ 507

8.1.4 Technical Structure View .................................... 509

8.2 Electronic Parts Catalogs ................................................. 511

8.3 Easy Web Transaction ..................................................... 514

8.4 Collaboration Folders ...................................................... 516

8.5 Vision or Reality? ............................................................ 518

8.5.1 Electronic Data Exchange ................................... 518

8.5.2 Vendor Portal ..................................................... 520

8.5.3 Virtual Spare Parts Storage ................................. 521

8.5.4 Virtual Personnel Capacities ............................... 522

8.5.5 Sell Rather Than Scrap ........................................ 523

8.6 SAP NetWeaver Business Client ...................................... 524

8.6.1 General Functions .............................................. 525

8.6.2 Roles, Task Lists, Overviews, and Reports ........... 527

8.6.3 Confirming Unplanned Jobs ................................ 528

8.6.4 Asset Viewer ...................................................... 529

8.6.5 Side Panels ......................................................... 531

8.6.6 SAP Visual Enterprise Viewer ............................. 532

8.7 Mobile Maintenance ....................................................... 535

8.7.1 Fundamentals of Mobile Maintenance ............... 535

8.7.2 Paging ................................................................ 541

8.7.3 Mobile Asset Management ................................. 543

8.7.4 SAP Work Manager ............................................ 550

8.7.5 SAP Rounds Manager ......................................... 560

8.7.6 Other Aspects of Mobile Platforms .................... 561

8.7.7 RFID .................................................................. 562

8.8 Service-Oriented Architecture ......................................... 566

8.9 SAP HANA ..................................................................... 571

9 Usability ....................................................................... 577

9.1 What is Meant by Usability? ........................................... 578

9.2 Assessing Usability .......................................................... 583

9.3 Why Usability Does Not Mean User Acceptance ............. 584

9.4 The Importance of User Acceptance in Plant

Maintenance .................................................................. 587

9.5 SAP System Options to Improve Usability ....................... 590

9.5.1 General User Parameters .................................... 592

9.5.2 Maintenance-Specific User Parameters ............... 593

9.5.3 Roles and Favorites ............................................ 594

9.5.4 List Variants ....................................................... 596

9.5.5 Personalizing Input Help .................................... 596

9.5.6 Buttons and Key Combinations .......................... 597

9.5.7 Table Controls .................................................... 598

9.5.8 Transaction Variants ........................................... 601

9.5.9 Customizing ....................................................... 603

9.5.10 Action Box ......................................................... 604

9.5.11 GuiXT ................................................................ 606

9.5.12 Upstream Transactions ....................................... 607

9.5.13 Web User Interface ............................................ 610

9.5.14 Customer Exits ................................................... 611

9.5.15 Other Programming Techniques ......................... 613

9.6 Usability Study for SAP ERP 6.0 ...................................... 616

9.6.1 Preparation and Execution ................................. 616

9.6.2 Results ............................................................... 621

9.6.3 Conclusions ....................................................... 626

Appendices ......................................................................... 629

A List of Sources ........................................................................... 631

B Overviews ................................................................................. 637

B.1 Functional Comparison of Structuring Resources ............. 637

B.2 Functions of Notifications and Orders ............................. 638

B.3 Integration Aspects ......................................................... 642

B.4 Standard Reports of PM-IS .............................................. 648

C The Author ................................................................................ 651

D Acknowledgments ..................................................................... 653

Index ................................................................................................ 655


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