SAP Press - ABAP Development for SAP NetWeaver BI User Exits and BAdls

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作者 SAP 2012年出版 分类:sap 1212

SAP Press - ABAP Development for SAP NetWeaver BI User Exits and BAdls

Preface to the 3rd Edition .......................................................................... 11
Introduction ............................................................................................... 13
1 Performance .............................................................................. 17
1.1 Table Types in ABAP ................................................................... 17
1.2 Loops and Read Accesses to Tables ............................................. 20
1.3 Field Symbols ............................................................................. 22
1.4 Database Accesses and Cache ..................................................... 24
2 User Exits and BAdIs in the Extraction Process ....................... 27
2.1 Usage Options ............................................................................ 27
2.2 Generic Extractors ....................................................................... 28
2.3 User Exit RSAP0001 .................................................................... 33
2.3.1 How to Use the Exit ....................................................... 34
2.3.2 Structured Composition of the ZXRSAU01 Include ......... 36
2.3.3 Implementing User Exit EXIT_SAPLRSAP_001 for
Currency Extraction ........................................................ 41
2.3.4 Using the Hierarchy Exit ................................................. 43
2.3.5 Surrogate for the Generic Hierarchy Extractor ................. 45
2.3.6 Transferring Parameters to the User Exit ......................... 46
2.4 BAdI RSU5_SAPI_BADI ............................................................... 47
2.4.1 Methods ........................................................................ 47
2.4.2 Advantages and Disadvantages ....................................... 48
3 User Exits in Data Import Processes ........................................ 51
3.1 Transformation ............................................................................ 51
3.1.1 Deriving Characteristics .................................................. 54
3.1.2 Deriving Key Figures ...................................................... 58
3.1.3 Start Routine in the Transformation ................................ 63
3.1.4 End Routine in the Transformation ................................. 68
3.1.5 Expert Routine in the Transformation ............................. 71
3.2 Routines in the Data Transfer Process .......................................... 81

3.2.1 Selecting a File Name in the Data Transfer Process ......... 81
3.2.2 Determining a Characteristic Value Selection in
the Data Transfer Process ............................................... 83
3.3 Importing a Hierarchy from an Unstructured Microsoft
Excel Sheet ................................................................................. 86
3.3.1 Creating the DataStore Object ........................................ 88
3.3.2 Creating the DataSource ................................................. 89
3.3.3 Creating the Transformation ........................................... 91
3.3.4 Creating the Start Routine .............................................. 92
3.3.5 Creating the End Routine ............................................... 94
3.3.6 Creating a Data Transfer Process ..................................... 103
3.3.7 Creating a Query ............................................................ 105
3.3.8 Implementation in SAP BW 3.x ...................................... 105
3.4 Recommendations for SAP NetWeaver 7.3 .................................. 106
4 User Exits and BAdls in Reporting ........................................... 107
4.1 Variable Exit RSR00001 .............................................................. 107
4.1.1 Interface of Function Module EXIT_SAPLRSR0_001 ....... 109
4.1.2 Implementation for I_STEP = 1 ....................................... 113
4.1.3 Implementation for I_STEP = 2 ....................................... 118
4.1.4 Implementation for I_STEP = 0 ....................................... 121
4.1.5 Implementation for I_STEP = 3 ....................................... 123
4.1.6 Validating an Individual Variable .................................... 125
4.1.7 Checking Characteristic Combinations in Step 3 ............. 126
4.2 Virtual Key Figures and Characteristics ........................................ 130
4.2.1 Implementation ............................................................. 131
4.2.2 Other Useful Information ............................................... 141
4.2.3 Transferring Variable Values to the BAdI ......................... 142
4.3 VirtualProvider ............................................................................ 143
4.3.1 Creating a VirtualProvider .............................................. 144
4.3.2 Do’s and Don’ts for the Implementation of the
Service ........................................................................... 148
4.4 BAdI SMOD_RSR00004 .............................................................. 152
4.5 Implementing Own Read Routines for Master Data .................... 156
4.5.1 Creating a Master Data Read Class ................................. 157
4.5.2 Sample Implementation of a Master Data Read Class ..... 164
4.5.3 Entering the Class in the InfoObject ............................... 171

5 User Exits in Planning ............................................................... 173
5.1 Variables in Planning ................................................................... 173
5.1.1 Variables in SAP BW-BPS ................................................ 174
5.1.2 Variables in SAP NetWeaver BW Integrated Planning ..... 182
5.2 Characteristic Value Derivations .................................................. 185
5.2.1 Characteristic Value Derivations in SAP BW-BPS ............. 185
5.2.2 Characteristic Value Derivations in SAP NetWeaver
BW Integrated Planning ................................................. 193
5.3 Exit Functions in Planning ........................................................... 203
5.3.1 Exit Functions in SAP BW-BPS ........................................ 203
5.3.2 Exit Functions in SAP NetWeaver BW Integrated
Planning ......................................................................... 211
5.4 Conclusion .................................................................................. 218
Appendices ..................................................................................... 221
A Overview of Exits and Enhancements in SAP NetWeaver BW 7.3 .......... 223
A.1 Enhancements in the Administrator Workbench .......................... 223
A.2 Enhancements in Extraction ........................................................ 227
A.3 Enhancements in Reporting ........................................................ 228
A.4 Enhancements in Planning .......................................................... 232
A.5 Additional Enhancements ........................................................... 235
B Generated Tables and Objects in SAP NetWeaver BW .......................... 239
B.1 Tables in InfoCubes ..................................................................... 239
B.2 Tables in DataStore Objects ........................................................ 240
B.3 Tables in InfoObjects .................................................................. 240
B.4 Data Structures in the Data Flow ................................................ 241
B.5 Generated Objects in SAP NetWeaver BW .................................. 241
C Using SAP BW 3.x ................................................................................ 243
C.1 Transfer Rules in SAP BW 3.x ...................................................... 243
C.2 Update Rules in SAP BW 3.x ....................................................... 258
D The Author ........................................................................................... 271

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