SAP Press - The SAP General Ledger (2nd)

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作者 SAP 2010年出版 分类:sap 1215

SAP Press - The SAP General Ledger (2nd) 英文原版,可编辑带导航非影印版!

Contents
Introduction ................................................................................. 13
1 New General Ledger in SAP ERP — An Overview ....... 19
1.1 The Path to New G/L in SAP ERP .................................. 19
1.1.1 Background ...................................................... 19
1.1.2 SAP R/3-Based Solutions for Financial Accounting ....................................................... 23
1.1.3 The Fragmentation Problem ............................. 29
1.2 Enhancement Package Technology ................................ 29
1.3 New General Ledger ..................................................... 32
1.3.1 Additional Functionality in General Ledger ....... 33
1.3.2 Parallel Accounting ........................................... 34
1.3.3 Default Field Extension ..................................... 37
1.3.4 Segment Reporting ........................................... 39
1.3.5 Document Online Split ..................................... 41
1.3.6 Real-Time Integration of CO into FI .................. 41
1.4 Conclusion .................................................................... 43
2 Design and Features of the Ledgers ............................ 45
2.1 Features of the Ledgers ................................................. 45
2.1.1 Basis of the Ledgers .......................................... 46
2.1.2 Leading Ledger ................................................. 47
2.1.3 Non-Leading Ledgers ....................................... 54
2.1.4 Data Concept ................................................... 57
2.1.5 Changes to the Defnition and Assignment of the Ledgers .................................................. 64
2.1.6 Defning Ledger Groups .................................... 64
2.2 Scenarios ...................................................................... 66
2.2.1 Defning and Assigning Scenarios for Ledgers ... 67
2.2.2 Scenario Views: Data Entry View and General Ledger View ........................................ 69
2.2.3 “Business Area” Scenario .................................. 73
2.2.4 “Proft Center Update” Scenario ....................... 76
2.2.5 “Segmentation” Scenario .................................. 77
2.2.6 “Preparations for Consolidation” Scenario ........ 88
2.2.7 “Cost-of-Sales Accounting” Scenario ................ 93
2.2.8 “Cost Center Update” Scenario ......................... 97
2.3 Customer Fields ............................................................ 98
2.3.1 Extending the Coding Block .............................. 98
2.3.2 Adding Fields to the Totals Table ...................... 100
2.3.3 Defning Customer Totals Tables ....................... 104
2.3.4 Adding Customer Tables in Enjoy Transactions ... 105
2.4 Conclusion .................................................................... 107
3 Integration in Financial Accounting ............................ 109
3.1 Proft Center Accounting in New General Ledger .......... 109
3.1.1 Financial Statement for Each Proft Center ........ 110
3.1.2 Allocations in the General Ledger ..................... 111
3.1.3 Planning in the General Ledger ......................... 112
3.1.4 Enhancements for Planning with Enhancement Package 5 ......................................................... 116
3.1.5 Authorization Check for Proft Center ............... 133
3.1.6 Evaluations ....................................................... 143
3.1.7 Assignment Monitor for Proft Centers ............. 145
3.2 Reposting in Controlling ............................................... 179
3.3 Online Posting of Follow-Up Costs ................................ 184
3.3.1 Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable Accounting ....................................................... 184
3.3.2 Asset Accounting ............................................. 186
3.4 Integration with Materials Management ....................... 189
3.4.1 Create Purchase Order ...................................... 190
3.4.2 Post Goods Receipt .......................................... 191
3.4.3 Check Incoming Invoice with Purchase Order Reference ......................................................... 191
3.4.4 Reduce and Post Vendor Invoice ...................... 193
3.4.5 Display Accounting Documents ........................ 194
3.5 Period-End Closing ....................................................... 197
3.5.1 Representative Ledger ..................................... 198
3.5.2 Period Control with Three Periods .................... 202
3.5.3 Periods for each General Ledger Account Assignment Object ........................................... 203
3.6 Conclusion .................................................................... 204
4 Parallel Accounting — IFRS on the Advance .............. 205
4.1 Approaching Uniform Accounting Standards ................. 205
4.2 Leading Valuation Approach ......................................... 207
4.3 Basic Principles ............................................................. 208
4.4 Data Storage Location ................................................... 209
4.4.1 Mapping via Parallel Accounts .......................... 209
4.4.2 Mapping via Parallel Company Codes ............... 211
4.4.3 Mapping via Special Ledgers ........................... 212
4.4.4 Mapping via New General Ledger ..................... 213
4.4.5 Storage Location—Conclusion .......................... 214
4.5 Fixed Assets .................................................................. 215
4.5.1 Valuation Variances Scenario ............................ 215
4.5.2 Asset Acquisition .............................................. 215
4.5.3 Depreciation Posting Run ................................. 218
4.5.4 Asset Retirement with Revenue ........................ 219
4.5.5 Confguring Asset Accounting ........................... 221
4.6 Current Assets .............................................................. 225
4.6.1 Inventory Valuation .......................................... 226
4.6.2 Receivables Valuation ....................................... 234
4.6.3 Securities Valuation .......................................... 243
4.7 Provisions ..................................................................... 250
4.8 Posting and Clearing Specifc to Ledger Groups
(Enhancement Package 3) ............................................. 257
4.8.1 Business Context ............................................. 257
4.8.2 Indicators in the Master Record ....................... 258
4.8.3 Required Customizing Settings ......................... 259
4.8.4 “Ledger Group-Specifc Clearing for G/L Accounts” Indicator — Restrictions of Use ........ 260
4.8.5 Process of Posting and Clearing Specifc to Ledger Groups ................................................. 261
4.8.6 Restriction — Sample Accounts for Posting and Clearing Specifc to Ledger Groups ............ 284
4.9 Switching from G/L Accounts to Open Item Management ............................................................... 285
4.9.1 Customizing Settings ....................................... 285
4.9.2 Sample Posting for the Switch to Open Item Management for G/L Accounts ......................... 290
4.10 Conclusion .................................................................... 291
5 Document Splitting ..................................................... 293
5.1 Reasons for Document Splitting .................................... 293
5.2 Concept ........................................................................ 295
5.2.1 Active Split ....................................................... 296
5.2.2 Passive Split ..................................................... 297
5.2.3 Clearing Line Items ........................................... 298
5.2.4 Data Concept ................................................... 298
5.3 Examples of Applying Active and Passive Splits ............. 299
5.3.1 Example of an Active Split ................................ 299
5.3.2 Simulating the General Ledger View ................. 300
5.3.3 Document Simulation in Expert Mode .............. 300
5.3.4 Example of a Passive Split ................................. 302
5.4 Confguration ................................................................ 304
5.4.1 Item Category .................................................. 304
5.4.2 Business Transaction ......................................... 306
5.4.3 Splitting Method .............................................. 308
5.4.4 Defnition of Document Splitting Characteristics .................................................. 310
5.4.5 Default Account Assignment ............................ 311
5.4.6 Inheritance ....................................................... 315
5.4.7 Activation ........................................................ 319
5.4.8 Splitting Rules .................................................. 321
5.5 Special G/L Transactions ................................................ 332
5.6 Wizards for Customizing the Document Splitting .......... 336
5.7 Periodic Processing ....................................................... 351
5.8 Conclusion .................................................................... 353
6 Migration ..................................................................... 355
6.1 Activating New General Ledger ..................................... 355
6.2 Migration Projects ........................................................ 360
6.2.1 Migration as a Discrete (Sub)Project ................. 360
6.2.2 Other Independent Projects ............................. 363
6.3 The Phase Model of Migration ...................................... 364
6.4 SAP Service for Migration ............................................. 366
6.4.1 Content of the SAP General Ledger Migration Service ............................................. 366
6.4.2 Migration Cockpit ............................................ 367
6.4.3 SAP System Landscape ..................................... 369
6.4.4 Remote Service Session for Scenario Validation ........................................................ 370
6.4.5 Remote Service Session for Test Validation ....... 370
6.4.6 Delivery of Service Sessions .............................. 370
6.4.7 Booking the Service .......................................... 372
6.5 Migration Scenarios ...................................................... 372
6.5.1 Overview of the Scenarios ................................ 373
6.5.2 Scenario 1 ........................................................ 374
6.5.3 Scenario 2 ........................................................ 375
6.5.4 Scenario 3 ........................................................ 376
6.5.5 Scenarios 4 and 5 ............................................. 376
6.5.6 Scenario 6 ........................................................ 377
6.5.7 Scenario 7 ........................................................ 377
6.5.8 Looking Ahead ................................................. 377
6.6 Migration Cockpit ......................................................... 378
6.6.1 Overview ......................................................... 379
6.6.2 Setup Phase ..................................................... 388
6.6.3 Checkup Phase ................................................. 400
6.6.4 Preparation Phase ............................................ 411
6.6.5 Migration Phase ............................................... 413
6.6.6 Validation Phase ............................................... 427
6.6.7 Activation Phase ............................................... 430
6.7 Conclusion .................................................................... 431
7 Practical Reports .......................................................... 433
7.1 SAP Consulting ............................................................. 433
7.1.1 Parallel Accounting ........................................... 433
7.1.2 Balance Sheets for Subaccount Assignments ..... 434
7.1.3 Selected Aspects of Implementation ................. 435
7.1.4 Additional Fields in New General Ledger .......... 435
7.1.5 Using Document Splitting ................................. 436
7.1.6 Limits and Constraints on the Proft-Center Balance Sheet ................................................... 437
7.1.7 Reporting vs. Operational Management ........... 438
7.1.8 Further SAP Developments ............................... 438
7.1.9 Legacy Data Transfer ........................................ 439
7.1.10 Lessons Learned ............................................... 439
7.2 Accenture GmbH .......................................................... 440
7.2.1 Customer Description and Initial Situation ....... 441
7.2.2 Challenges of the Project ................................. 441
7.2.3 Constitutional Project Decisions ....................... 441
7.2.4 Conclusion ....................................................... 449
7.3 Siemens IT Solutions and Services ................................. 450
7.3.1 Initial Situation ................................................. 451
7.3.2 The “New G/L” Project ..................................... 453
7.3.3 Success Factors and Lessons Learned from the Project ....................................................... 457
7.4 ConVista Consulting AG ................................................ 459
7.4.1 Motivation and Implementation of Technical Requirements ................................................... 460
7.4.2 Experiences Gained from the Projects ............... 463
7.4.3 Experiences from Live Operation and Functional Aspects ........................................... 464
7.4.4 Conclusion ....................................................... 466
7.5 J&M Management Consulting ...................................... 466
7.5.1 Initial Situation ................................................. 467
7.5.2 Updating Master Data ...................................... 471
7.5.3 Confguring New General Ledger ...................... 471
7.5.4 Reporting ......................................................... 474
7.5.5 Migration Project ............................................. 474
7.5.6 Conclusion ....................................................... 476
7.6 Conclusion .................................................................... 477

General Ledger SAP Press 英文原版
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