SAP Press - Personnel Planning and Development Using SAP ERP HCM (2ed)

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作者 SAP 2009年出版 分类:sap 1025

SAP Press - Personnel Planning and Development Using SAP ERP HCM (2ed) 

Contents

Introduction ............................................................................................... 17
PART I Basic Principles
1 Overview of SAP ERP HCM ...................................................... 23
1.1 SAP ERP HCM as an Integrated Component of SAP ERP
and the SAP Business Suite ......................................................... 23
1.2 SAP ERP HCM Components ........................................................ 25
1.3 Personnel Master Data ................................................................ 27
1.3.1 Basic Structure ............................................................... 28
1.3.2 Maintaining and Displaying Master Data ........................ 29
1.3.3 Integration into Personnel Planning and Development .... 33
1.4 Conclusion .................................................................................. 34
2 Organizational Management ................................................... 35
2.1 Business Foundations .................................................................. 35
2.2 The Process in SAP ERP HCM ...................................................... 36
2.2.1 Basic Terms .................................................................... 36
2.2.2 Selecting Object Types and Relationships ....................... 42
2.2.3 Status Administration ..................................................... 46
2.2.4 Evaluation Paths ............................................................. 47
2.2.5 Organizational Structure ................................................. 48
2.2.6 Task Catalog ................................................................... 50
2.2.7 Maintenance Interface ................................................... 53
2.2.8 Organizational Management as a Basis for Planning
and Development .......................................................... 61
2.2.9 Organizational Management as the Basis for
Personnel Administration ............................................... 63
2.3 Implementation in SAP ERP HCM ............................................... 66
2.3.1 Maintaining the Organizational Structure ....................... 66
2.3.2 Maintaining Structures ................................................... 75
2.3.3 Maintaining the Matrix Organization .............................. 77
2.3.4 Selected Infotypes .......................................................... 80
2.3.5 Creating Individual Evaluation Paths ............................... 82
2.3.6 Creating Object Types .................................................... 83
2.3.7 Expanding and Creating Infotypes .................................. 90
2.3.8 Adjusting the Maintenance Interface .............................. 93
2.3.9 Working with Different Plan Versions ............................. 98
2.3.10 Reports in Organizational Management .......................... 100
2.3.11 Transporting Structures ................................................... 105
2.4 Process Examples ........................................................................ 106
2.4.1 Creating New Positions with the Application Process ..... 106
2.4.2 Scenario Planning ........................................................... 108
2.5 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 110
3 Role Concept in SAP ERP HCM ................................................ 111
3.1 Meaning of the Role Concept ..................................................... 111
3.2 Implementation of the Role Concept .......................................... 112
3.2.1 Defnition of Roles in the System .................................... 112
3.2.2 Assignment of Roles in the System ................................. 115
3.2.3 Connection between Role and User ................................ 117
3.3 Authorizations in SAP ERP HCM ................................................. 118
3.3.1 Central Authorization Objects ...................................... 119
3.3.2 Structural Authorization Check ....................................... 123
3.3.3 Special Concepts in HCM Authorization ......................... 129
3.3.4 Context-Dependent Authorization Check ....................... 135
3.4 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 137
4 SAP NetWeaver Portal in SAP ERP HCM ................................. 139
4.1 Basic Principles of SAP NetWeaver Portal .................................... 140
4.1.1 User Management .......................................................... 140
4.1.2 Components of Portal Applications ................................ 141
4.2 Business Packages in SAP ERP HCM ............................................ 142
4.2.1 Employee Self-Services (ESS) .......................................... 143
4.2.2 Manager Self-Services (MSS) .......................................... 144
4.3 Reporting in the Portal ................................................................ 144
4.4 Conclusion .................................................................................. 145
5 SAP Business Workflow ........................................................... 147
5.1 Features and Interactions ............................................................ 147
5.2 Integrating Workflows in SAP ERP HCM ..................................... 148
5.3 Workflow Builder ........................................................................ 149
5.4 Default Elements in Personnel Planning and Development .......... 151
5.5 Processor Search ......................................................................... 152
5.6 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 152
6 Queries in SAP ERP HCM ......................................................... 155
6.1 Introduction ............................................................................... 155
6.1.1 Structure and Technology of Queries .............................. 155
6.1.2 Logical Databases in SAP ERP HCM ................................ 157
6.2 Implementation in SAP ERP HCM ............................................... 158
6.2.1 Use and Deployment Areas of Query in
Personnel Planning and Development ............................ 158
6.2.2 Using SAP Query ............................................................ 159
6.2.3 Ad-hoc Query ................................................................ 161
6.2.4 Ad-hoc Query vs. SAP Query .......................................... 163
6.3 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 163
PART II Talent Management
7 Introduction to Talent Management ........................................ 167
7.1 What is Talent Management? ...................................................... 167
7.1.1 Defning the Target Groups ............................................. 167
7.1.2 Areas of Talent Management .......................................... 168
7.1.3 Design Framework of Talent Management ...................... 168
7.2 Talent Management in SAP ERP HCM ......................................... 169
7.2.1 Parts ............................................................................... 170
7.2.2 Enhanced Job Architecture ............................................. 173
7.2.3 Infotypes ........................................................................ 174
7.2.4 Prerequisites for Usage ................................................... 175
7.3 Conclusion .................................................................................. 176
8 Skill Management ..................................................................... 177
8.1 The Process in SAP ERP HCM ...................................................... 177
8.1.1 Qualifcations Catalog .................................................... 177
8.1.2 Profles ........................................................................... 181
8.1.3 Reports .......................................................................... 183
8.1.4 Integration ..................................................................... 184
8.2 Implementation in SAP ERP HCM ............................................... 186
8.2.1 Basic System Settings ..................................................... 186
8.2.2 Maintenance of the Qualifcations Catalog ..................... 190
8.2.3 Working with Profles ..................................................... 194
8.2.4 Central Control ............................................................... 200
8.3 Decentralized Skill Maintenance Sample Process ......................... 202
8.4 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 203
9 Appraisal and Objectives ......................................................... 207
9.1 The Process in SAP ERP HCM ...................................................... 207
9.1.1 Functional Scope ............................................................ 207
9.1.2 Appraisal and Objective Setting Process ......................... 208
9.1.3 Integration ..................................................................... 213
9.2 Implementation in SAP ERP HCM ............................................... 215
9.2.1 Basic Customizing Settings ............................................. 215
9.2.2 Customizing in the Catalog for Appraisal Templates ........ 217
9.2.3 Business Server Pages ..................................................... 237
9.2.4 Creating Appraisal and Objective Settings ...................... 239
9.2.5 Reporting ....................................................................... 242
9.3 Innovations in Enhancement Package 4 ...................................... 246
9.3.1 New User Interface with Web Dynpro ABAP .................. 247
9.3.2 Cascading Goals ............................................................. 248
9.3.3 Team Calibration and Compensation .............................. 249
9.3.4 Integration with SAP Enterprise Learning ...................... 251
9.4 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 252
10 Training and Event Management and SAP Learning Solution . 255
10.1 Business Foundations .................................................................. 255
10.1.1 Forms of E-Learning ....................................................... 256
10.1.2 When Can E-Learning Be Used Effectively? ..................... 257
10.1.3 Advantages of E-Learning ............................................... 260
10.1.4 The Strategic Importance of E-Learning .......................... 261
10.2 Learning Management Systems ................................................... 262
10.3 Design of Training and Event Management in SAP ERP HCM ...... 263
10.3.1 Training and Event Management Structure ..................... 264
10.3.2 Dynamic Menus ............................................................. 267
10.3.3 Integration of Training and Event Management .............. 272
10.4 Implementation in SAP ERP HCM ............................................... 288
10.4.1 Setting Up the Training Catalog ...................................... 288
10.4.2 Planning in Training and Event Management .................. 302
10.4.3 Daily Activities ............................................................... 311
10.4.4 Follow-Up Processing of Courses .................................... 322
10.4.5 ESS in Training and Event Management .......................... 326
10.5 Sample Process: Paperless Training and Event Management ........ 326
10.6 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 329
10.7 SAP Learning Solution ................................................................. 329
10.7.1 The SAP Research Project in the Area of Learning ........... 329
10.7.2 Features of the Service ................................................... 330
10.7.3 Integration of SAP Learning Solution with
SAP ERP HCM ................................................................ 338
10.7.4 Innovations in Enhancement Package 4 .......................... 342
10.7.5 Sample Processes for E-Learning ..................................... 348
10.7.6 Project Development ..................................................... 360
10.7.7 Critical Success Factors ................................................... 362
11 SAP E-Recruiting ....................................................................... 365
11.1 Business Principles ...................................................................... 365
11.1.1 Goals of the Recruitment Process ................................... 365
11.1.2 Goals of Succession Planning .......................................... 366
11.1.3 Recruitment Media ........................................................ 366
11.1.4 Managing the Application Process .................................. 369
11.1.5 Applicant Selection ........................................................ 371
11.1.6 Recruitment Controlling ................................................. 372
11.1.7 Internet Recruiting ........................................................ 373
11.2 Specifc Features of E-Recruiting ................................................. 374
11.2.1 War for Talent ................................................................ 375
11.2.2 Sourcing and Retention .................................................. 375
11.2.3 Controlling Recruitment Processes ................................. 376
11.2.4 Processes and Organization ............................................ 376
11.2.5 Recruitment Service Providing ........................................ 377
11.2.6 Technology ..................................................................... 377
11.3 The Process of Recruitment in SAP ERP HCM .............................. 378
11.3.1 Overview ....................................................................... 378
11.3.2 Processes and Roles of Recruiting ................................... 380
11.3.3 Requisitions ................................................................... 382
11.3.4 Process Templates .......................................................... 386
11.3.5 Questionnaires ............................................................... 388
11.3.6 Additional Important Terms ............................................ 394
11.4 The Process of Succession Planning in SAP ERP HCM .................. 396
11.4.1 Overview ....................................................................... 396
11.4.2 Processes and Roles of Succession Planning .................... 397
11.5 Roles in SAP E-Recruiting ........................................................... 402
11.5.1 The External Candidate .................................................. 402
11.5.2 The Internal Candidate ................................................... 414
11.5.3 The Manager .................................................................. 414
11.5.4 The Recruiter ................................................................. 416
11.5.5 The Administrator .......................................................... 420
11.5.6 Succession Planner ......................................................... 421
11.6 Customizing and Technology ....................................................... 422
11.6.1 Technical Settings .......................................................... 422
11.6.2 Basic Settings ................................................................. 422
11.6.3 Talent Warehouse ........................................................... 423
11.6.4 Applicant Tracking .......................................................... 424
11.6.5 Activities ........................................................................ 425
11.6.6 Questionnaires ............................................................... 427
11.6.7 Requisition Management ............................................... 427
11.6.8 Additional Technical Issues ............................................. 427
11.7 Additional Innovations in Enhancement Package 4 ..................... 428
11.8 Critical Success Factors .............................................................. 428
12 Enterprise Compensation Management ................................... 431
12.1 Overview .................................................................................... 431
12.1.1 Options of Enterprise Compensation Management ......... 431
12.1.2 Integration ..................................................................... 432
12.2 Compensation Administration ..................................................... 432
12.3 Long-Term Incentives .................................................................. 434
12.4 Budgeting ................................................................................... 435
12.5 Job Pricing .................................................................................. 436
12.6 Conclusion .................................................................................. 437
PART III Personnel Planning and Analysis
13 Personnel Planning Process ...................................................... 441
13.1 An Approach to Integrated Personnel Planning ........................... 441
13.1.1 Elements of Personnel Planning ...................................... 442
13.1.2 Dividing Tasks Between Central and Local Planning
Steps .............................................................................. 445
13.1.3 Integrating Central and Local Planning Steps .................. 447
13.1.4 Local Tasks ..................................................................... 447
13.1.5 Central Tasks .................................................................. 448
13.2 An Overview of the Personnel Planning Process .......................... 448
13.2.1 Basic Principles of Personnel Planning ............................ 448
13.2.2 Personnel Planning Process Outline ................................ 449
13.2.3 Risk Management .......................................................... 450
13.3 Conclusion ................................................................................. 451
13.3.1 Role-Specifc Access ....................................................... 451
13.3.2 Content Requirements ................................................... 451
14 Position and Quota Planning ................................................... 453
14.1 The Process in SAP ERP HCM ...................................................... 453
14.1.1 Planning at Position Level .............................................. 453
14.1.2 Quota planning .............................................................. 456
14.1.3 Openness for Enhancement and New Structures ............ 457
14.2 Implementation in SAP ERP HCM ............................................... 457
14.2.1 Relevant Infotypes ......................................................... 457
14.2.2 Reports Based on Positions ............................................ 460
14.2.3 Quota Planning .............................................................. 462
14.3 Process Examples ........................................................................ 463
14.3.1 Risk Management .......................................................... 463
14.3.2 Structuring the Job Index ............................................... 464
14.4 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 465
15 Personnel Cost Planning and Simulation ................................. 467
15.1 Integration with Other Components ........................................... 468
15.2 Processes of Personnel Cost Planning .......................................... 469
15.3 Planning Preparation ................................................................... 470
15.3.1 Defning a Planning Context ........................................... 471
15.3.2 Defning a Planning Scenario .......................................... 471
15.3.3 Defning Cost Items ........................................................ 472
15.4 Data Collection ........................................................................... 472
15.4.1 Technical Correlation of Wage Type, Symbolic Account, and
Cost Item ....................................................................... 472
15.4.2 Data Collection for Employees ........................................ 474
15.4.3 Defning Your Own Data Collection Methods ................. 476
15.4.4 Example of a Data Collection .......................................... 477
15.4.5 Data Collection for Organizational Objects ..................... 478
15.4.6 Follow-Up Processing of Collected Data ......................... 479
15.5 Creating and Managing Personnel Cost Plans .............................. 480
15.5.1 Executing a Planning Run .............................................. 480
15.5.2 Customizing of the Planning Run .................................... 482
15.6 Planning by the Person Responsible for Costs .............................. 483
15.7 Planning by the Cost Planner ...................................................... 484
15.8 Transferring the Cost Plan to Controlling ..................................... 484
15.9 Reporting ................................................................................... 485
15.9.1 Reporting in SAP ERP HCM ............................................ 485
15.9.2 Reporting in SAP NetWeaver BW ................................... 486
15.10 Available Standard Roles for Cost Planning ................................. 488
15.11 BAdIs in Cost Planning ................................................................ 488
15.11.1 BAdIs in Data Collection ................................................ 488
15.11.2 BAdIs in the Cost Planning Run ...................................... 488
15.11.3 BAdI in Detail Planning .................................................. 489
15.11.4 BAdI for Posting to Accounting ...................................... 489
15.12 Critical Success Factors ............................................................... 489

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