SAP Press - Archiving SAP Data—Practical Guide(2nd)

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作者 SAP 2015年出版 分类:sap 1488

SAP Press - Archiving SAP Data—Practical Guide(2nd) 英文原版,可编辑带导航非影印版!

Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................... 13
PART I Basic Principles
1 Basic Principles and Legal Frameworks of SAP
Data Archiving .............................................................. 23
1.1 Safeguarding Performance of SAP Systems ...................... 24
1.2 Information Lifecycle Management ................................. 26
1.2.1 Generating Data ................................................ 27
1.2.2 Using Data ........................................................ 28
1.2.3 Completing Data Records .................................. 29
1.2.4 Retaining Data .................................................. 30
1.2.5 Destroying Data ................................................ 30
1.3 Archive Development Kit ............................................... 33
1.4 Transactions and Processes ............................................. 34
1.4.1 Transaction DB02: Determining the Database
Size and Table Size ............................................ 34
1.4.2 Transaction DB15: Determining Archiving
Objects ............................................................. 37
1.4.3 Transaction TAANA: Performing Table
Analyses ............................................................ 39
1.4.4 Transaction SARA: Managing Data Archiving ..... 43
1.4.5 Transaction FILE: Defining Path Names and
File Names ........................................................ 57
1.5 Legal Regulations ........................................................... 64
1.5.1 Data Archiving Laws for the United States ......... 65
1.5.2 International Data Archiving Laws ..................... 68
1.6 Tools for Electronic Tax Audits ........................................ 71
1.6.1 Extraction Using the Data Retention Tool
(DART) .............................................................. 72
1.6.2 Audit Software from IDEA and ACL ................... 82
1.7 Interfaces in the SAP Landscape ..................................... 84
1.8 Parties and Organizations Involved ................................. 87
1.8.1 In-House Parties and Organizations ................... 87
1.8.2 External Parties and Organizations .................... 91
1.9 Summary ........................................................................ 94
2 Storage Options for Archived Data .............................. 97
2.1 ArchiveLink Interface ...................................................... 99
2.1.1 Creating and Maintaining Content
Repositories ....................................................... 103
2.1.2 Creating and Maintaining Document Types
and Document Classes ....................................... 108
2.1.3 Creating and Maintaining Links ......................... 109
2.2 WebDAV Interface .......................................................... 110
2.2.1 Metadata ........................................................... 110
2.2.2 Archive Hierarchy .............................................. 111
2.3 Data Storage Locations ................................................... 113
2.3.1 Storage in the Database ..................................... 113
2.3.2 Storage in the File System .................................. 115
2.3.3 Storage in the Archive System ............................ 116
2.3.4 Using External Optical Storage Media ................ 118
2.4 Cost Considerations ........................................................ 121
2.5 Recommendations for Storage Strategies ....................... 123
2.6 Summary ........................................................................ 131
3 Access Options for Archived Data ............................... 133
3.1 Read Programs ................................................................ 133
3.2 Direct Access .................................................................. 138
3.3 Archive Information System ............................................ 144
3.3.1 Archive Explorer ................................................ 144
3.3.2 Status Management ........................................... 149
3.3.3 Customizing ....................................................... 151
3.4 Document Relationship Browser ..................................... 157
3.5 Print Lists ........................................................................ 162
3.6 Third-Party Add-ons ....................................................... 164
3.6.1 PBS Transactions ............................................... 165
3.6.2 Creating DART Extracts from Archive Files ......... 166
3.6.3 Creating Structured Data from SAP
Print Lists .......................................................... 166
3.7 Summary ........................................................................ 167
PART II Implementing Data Archiving Projects
4 Developing a Data Archiving Strategy ......................... 171
4.1 Choosing the Right Time ................................................ 171
4.1.1 Early Planning ................................................... 172
4.1.2 Late Setup ......................................................... 176
4.2 Developing an Archiving Concept ................................... 185
4.2.1 Strategic Level ................................................... 187
4.2.2 Operational Level .............................................. 191
4.2.3 Conceptual Level ............................................... 203
4.3 Summary ........................................................................ 219
5 Planning Archiving Projects ......................................... 221
5.1 Archiving Projects in Three Sample Industries ................. 222
5.1.1 Automotive Industry ......................................... 222
5.1.2 Chemical Industry ............................................. 232
5.1.3 Energy Sector .................................................... 247
5.2 Change Management and Communication ..................... 260
5.2.1 Preparing for the Change ................................... 261
5.2.2 Choosing the Right Means of Communication ... 265
5.3 Defining Decision-Makers .............................................. 269
5.4 Creating a Project Plan and Schedule .............................. 272
5.4.1 Preparation ....................................................... 274
5.4.2 Technology ....................................................... 275
5.4.3 Concept per Country ......................................... 276
5.4.4 Concept per Archiving Object ........................... 277
5.4.5 Support ............................................................. 278
5.5 Summary ........................................................................ 279
6 Implementing Archiving Projects ................................. 281
6.1 Implementation Phase .................................................... 281
6.1.1 Selecting the Right Archiving Objects ................ 283
6.1.2 Hosting Kick-Off Workshops ............................. 287
6.2 Final Preparation ............................................................ 293
6.2.1 Preparing Archiving Objects .............................. 294
6.2.2 Archiving Data in a Test System ......................... 303
6.2.3 Testing Accesses and Interfaces ......................... 330
6.2.4 Obtaining Approvals ......................................... 333
6.2.5 Documenting Results and Decisions .................. 334
6.2.6 Creating Data Extracts in the Production
System in Good Time ......................................... 335
6.3 Go-Live and Support ....................................................... 340
6.3.1 Informing Users ................................................. 340
6.3.2 Commencing Data Archiving in the Production
System ............................................................... 345
6.3.3 Responding to Potential Support Requests ........ 356
6.4 Summary ........................................................................ 365
7 Managing Archiving Systems ....................................... 367
7.1 System Analysis ............................................................... 368
7.1.1 Performance ...................................................... 369
7.1.2 Space ................................................................ 375
7.2 Communication .............................................................. 376
7.2.1 Recipients .......................................................... 377
7.2.2 Forms of Communication ................................... 379
7.3 Operation ....................................................................... 381
7.3.1 Scheduling the Archiving Run in the
SAP System ....................................................... 381
7.3.2 Managing Space in the SAP System ................... 382
7.3.3 Managing Space for Storage .............................. 383
7.4 Monitoring ..................................................................... 384
7.4.1 Monitoring the Archiving Run ........................... 384
7.4.2 Finding SAP Notes ............................................. 385
7.4.3 Evaluating Support Packages ............................. 388
7.4.4 SAP Solution Manager ....................................... 391
7.5 Documentation ............................................................... 392
7.5.1 Topics of Documentation ................................... 392
7.5.2 Storage Locations for the Documentation .......... 397
7.5.3 Recommendations for Documentation ............... 401
7.6 Summary ........................................................................ 402
8 SAP Information Lifecycle Management ..................... 405
8.1 Setting Up SAP Information Lifecycle Management ......... 406
8.2 Tasks of SAP Information Lifecycle Management ............. 413
8.3 Archiving Data ................................................................ 417
8.3.1 Converting Existing Archive Files ....................... 418
8.3.2 New Write Programs for SAP ILM ...................... 420
8.3.3 Implementing Archiving .................................... 422
8.3.4 Creating Snapshots ............................................ 422
8.3.5 Destroying Data ................................................ 423
8.4 Using Retention Management ........................................ 425
8.4.1 Securing Archiving Objects ................................ 430
8.4.2 Defining Retention and Residence Rules ........... 432
8.4.3 Storing Data ...................................................... 447
8.5 Implementing System Shutdowns ................................... 448
8.5.1 Preparing a System Shutdown ........................... 450
8.5.2 Transferring Data from the Legacy System to
the Retention Warehouse System ...................... 451
8.5.3 Evaluating Data ................................................. 454
8.5.4 Destroying Data ................................................ 461
8.6 Summary ........................................................................ 461
9 Future of SAP Data Archiving ...................................... 463
9.1 Development of Traditional SAP Data Archiving ............. 464
9.1.1 Past ................................................................... 464
9.1.2 Today ................................................................ 465
9.1.3 Future ............................................................... 465
9.2 Development of Archiving Using SAP ILM ...................... 466
9.2.1 Past ................................................................... 466
9.2.2 Today ................................................................ 467
9.2.3 Future ............................................................... 467
9.3 Technological Trends ...................................................... 468
9.3.1 SAP HANA ........................................................ 469
9.3.2 Data Aging ........................................................ 470
9.3.3 Cloud Computing .............................................. 476
9.3.4 Big Data ............................................................ 478
9.4 Summary ........................................................................ 480

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