SAP Press - Testing SAP Solutions

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作者 SAP 2011年出版 分类:sap 1171

SAP Press - Testing SAP Solutions  官方出品,英文原版!


PART I Methodology
2 Theory of Software Testing
2.1 System Changes Necessitate Testing
2.2 Test Types
2.3 Test Stages
2.3.1 Test Stages in the General V-Model
2.3.2 Test Stages in SAP Projects

2.4 Black-Box Testing and White-Box Testing
2.5 Test Case Design for Black-Box Testing
2.5.1 Equivalence Class Partitioning
2.5.2 Boundary Value Analysis
2.5.3 Error Guessing
2.6 Test Data
2.7 Basic Procedures for Planning and Execution
2.7.1 Test Preparation
2.7.2 Test Case Creation
2.7.3 Test Planning and Execution
2.7.4 Test Evaluation
2.8 Selecting Test Tools
2.8.1 Types of Test Tools
2.8.2 Tool Selection and Implementation
2.9 Conclusion
3 Test Methodology
3.1 Roadmaps in SAP Solution Manager
3.1.1 Project Phases
3.1.2 Roadmaps
3.2 Project Preparation
3.3 Business Blueprint
3.3.1 Mapping Business Process Structure
3.3.2 Test Standards
3.4 Realization
3.5 Final Preparation
3.6 Go-Live & Support and Run
3.7 Conclusion
PART II Functional Testing
4 Test Management with SAP Solution Manager
4.1 Testing in the Context of SAP Enterprise Support, Run
SAP, and SAP Standards for Solution Operations
4.2 SAP Solution Manager Enterprise Edition
4.2.1 Application Management Lifecycle
4.2.2 Work Center
4.2.3 Adapter and Functional Enhancements
4.2.4 Projects and Solutions
4.3 SAP Solution Manager—Basic Settings
4.4 Project-Related Testing with SAP Solution Manager
4.4.1 Creating a Project
4.4.2 Creating the Process Structure
4.4.3 Integrating Test Cases
4.4.4 Creating Test Plans and Test Packages
4.4.5 Extended Functionality for Creating Test Plans and Packages
4.4.6 Test Execution
4.4.7 Status Analysis
4.5 Integration Scenarios
4.5.1 Test and Service Desk
4.5.2 Test and Change Request Management

4.5.3 Test and Quality Gate Management
4.5.4 Test and Diagnostics
4.5.5 Test and IT Reporting
4.6 Solution-Related Testing
4.7 Summary
4.8 Customer Report by SOKA-BAU
4.9 Customer Report by SEWAG
4.10 Customer Report by BSH Bosch und Siemens
Hausgeräte GmbH
4.11 Update of the Customer Report by BSH Bosch und
Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH
4.12 Customer Report by Reno Fashion & Shoes GmbH
4.13 Update of the Customer Report by Hamm-Reno-Group
GmbH & Co. KG
5 Project-Related Testing with SAP Solution
Manager and SAP Quality Center by HP
5.1 SAP Quality Center by HP
5.2 SAP Solution Manager Adapter for SAP Quality Center
by HP
5.3 Test Management in the SAP Quality Center by HP
5.3.1 Creating a Project and Process Structure in SAP Solution
Manager
5.3.2 Managing Requirements
5.3.3 Creating Test Cases
5.3.4 Test Planning and Execution
5.3.5 Creating and Managing Error Messages
5.3.6 Versioning and Traceability
5.3.7 Status Analysis
5.3.8 Transferring the Test Results to SAP Solution Manager
5.4 Summary
5.5 Customer Report by Endress+Hauser Group
5.6 Customer Report by DB Systel GmbH
6 Supporting Test Automation with SAP TAO
6.1 Basic Principle: Automation Through Composition
6.2 Components of and Prerequisites for SAP TAO
Technology
6.3 Using SAP TAO to Create Test Cases
6.3.1 Using the Process Flow Analyzer to Create Test Components
and Test-Case Designs
6.3.2 Using the Inspection Procedure to Create Test Components
6.3.3 Composing Test Cases
6.3.4 Defining Test Data
6.3.5 Consolidating Test Scripts
6.3.6 Planning and Executing the Tests
6.4 Using SAP TAO to Maintain Test Cases
6.5 Summary

7 Economic Aspects of Test Automation
7.1 Cost Model for Software Testing
7.1.1 Cost of Designing Test Cases
7.1.2 Cost of Test Tools
7.1.3 Costs of Implementing Test Automation
7.1.4 Costs of Maintaining Test Cases
7.1.5 Costs of Implementing a Test Cycle
7.1.6 Testing Costs When Creating Component-Based Test Cases
7.1.7 Individual Test Cost Model
7.2 Cost Model for Software Errors
7.2.1 Errors Not Detected During Software Testing
7.2.2 Errors Detected During Software Testing
7.3 Overall View
7.4 Summary
7.5 Customer Report by INVISTA Resins & Fibers GmbH
7.6 Update to Customer Report by INVISTA Resins & Fibers
GmbH
8 Test Automation with eCATT
8.1 Implementation and Prerequisites
8.1.1 Architecture of the Test Landscape and eCATT Fundamentals
8.1.2 Structure of the eCATT Test Scripts
8.1.3 Technical Requirements
8.1.4 Summary
8.2 Creating and Running UI-Driven Tests
8.2.1 Testing Transactions without Controls (TCD)
8.2.2 Testing Transactions with Controls (SAP GUI)
8.2.3 Testing Web Dynpro Applications
8.2.4 Summary
8.3 Creating Tests Via Direct Program Control
8.3.1 Testing Global ABAP Object Classes
8.3.2 Function Modules and BAPIs
8.3.3 Inline ABAP
8.3.4 Database Accesses
8.3.5 Summary
8.4 Creating Tests for Web Services
8.5 Integration with External Test Tools
8.6 Implementing Checks
8.6.1 Testing Parameters
8.6.2 Direct Testing of Values
8.6.3 Message Handling
8.6.4 Parameterization of Message Handling
8.6.5 Checking Tables
8.6.6 Summary
8.7 Managing Test Data
8.7.1 Test Configuration
8.7.2 Variants
8.7.3 Test Data Container
8.7.4 Runtime Data Container (RDC)
8.7.5 Test Data Container Programming Interface (TDC-API)
8.7.6 Summary
8.8 Modularizing Test Scripts
8.9 Additional eCATT Commands
8.10 Starting, Logging, and Analyzing Test Executions
8.10.1 Running eCATT Scripts
8.10.2 Logging eCATT Tests
8.10.3 Log Archiving
8.10.4 Automated Performance Analysis
8.10.5 Error Analysis for eCATT Scripts
8.10.6 Summary
8.11 Overview of the eCATT Versions
8.12 Further Steps
8.13 Summary: Advantages of the Integration of eCATT in
the SAP System
8.14 Customer Report by Zürcher Kantonalbank
9 SAP Test Data Migration Server
9.1 Data Privacy for Test Data Collection
9.2 Process Types
9.3 Architecture and System Landscape
9.4 Data Transfer and Extraction
9.5 Creation and Refresh of Test Systems
9.6 Summary
9.7 Customer Report by Behr GmbH & Co. KG

9.8 Customer Report by Infineon Technologies AG
PART III Performance Tests
10 Project Outline of a Performance Test
10.1 Load Test—Stress Test—Volume Test
10.2 Roles in the Performance Test Project
10.3 Phase Model of a Performance Test
10.4 Planning
10.4.1 Process Analysis
10.4.2 Data Analysis
10.4.3 Selecting the Load Test Tool
10.4.4 The Load Profile
10.5 Performing the Load Test
10.5.1 Data and System Preparation
10.5.2 Single-User Test
10.5.3 Multi-User Tests
10.5.4 Result Analysis
10.5.5 Optimization
10.6 Performing the Stress Test
10.7 Completing
10.7.1 Executive Summary
10.7.2 Action Plan
10.7.3 Description of the Test Structure
10.7.4 Description of the Test Goals
10.7.5 Documentation of the Test Execution

10.7.6 Lessons Learned
10.8 Summary
11 SAP LoadRunner by HP
11.1 LoadRunner Virtual User Generator
11.2 LoadRunner Controller and LoadRunner Agent
11.3 LoadRunner Analysis
11.4 SAP Performance Center by HP
11.5 Summary
11.6 Customer Report by HeidelbergCement AG
11.7 Customer Report by Sanofi-Aventis
12 Monitoring a Performance Test
12.1 Sample Process In Case Performance Problems Occur
12.2 Localization of Performance Bottlenecks
12.3 Transactions for Technical Monitoring
12.3.1 AL08: List of all Users Logged On
12.3.2 SM04: User List
12.3.3 SM12: Lock Entry List
12.3.4 SM21: System Log
12.3.5 SM66: Global Work Process Overview
12.3.6 STAD: Transaction Analysis

12.3.7 ST02: Overview of SAP Buffers
12.3.8 ST04: Database Overview
12.3.9 ST05: SQL Trace Analysis
12.3.10 ST06: OS Monitor
12.3.11 ST22: ABAP Runtime Error
12.4 Summary
PART IV Test Center
13 Test Center
13.1 Setting Up a Test Center
13.2 Test Center Services
13.3 Summary
13.4 Customer Report by Deutsche Telekom AG

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